Updated Feb 2018
Based on the latest curriculum published by the American Red Cross. (also see our current AHA CPR Guidelines )
American Red Cross. (2014, January 1). American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED Participant’s Manual. Retrieved January 28, 2015 *
The American Red Cross (ARC), American Heart Association (AHA), American Safety and Health Institute (ASHI), as well as most other organizations that create CPR courses base their programs on the Consensus on Science for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care which was last published in 2010. It is expected that a revised version will be released in 2015 or 2016 which may cause changes for all CPR courses. Despite each of the major organizations using the same body of research for their courses there are still slight differences based on the individual recommendations of the organizations subject matter experts most of whom are Doctors, Paramedics, and Nurses. The purpose of this review is to outline the approach dictated by the American Red Cross.
Cardiac Chain of Survival
To have the best chance of recovering from a cardiac arrest the ARC advises that individuals should follow the Cardiac Chain of Survival. The chain starts with early recognition of cardiac arrest…